The government is the executive branch of the State.
The government administers in a unified manner the implementation of the State?s duties in all fields such as political, economic, cultural, social, national defence and security, and foreign affairs.
The government has the following rights and duties:
1. To implement the Constitution, the laws and resolutions of the National Assembly, and presidential edicts and decrees;
2. To submit draft laws and presidential edicts to the National Assembly and [to submit] draft presidential decrees to the President of the State;
3. To determine strategic plans on socio-economic development and annual State budgets and to submit them to the National Assembly for consideration and approval;
4. To report on its performance to the National Assembly, or to the National Assembly Standing Committee (during the recess of the National Assembly), and to report to the President of the State;
5. To issue decrees and resolutions on State administration, socio-economic management, [and] management in the fields of science and technology , national resources, environment, national defence and security, and foreign affairs;
6. To organise and oversee the activities of the sectoral organisations and local administrations;
7. To organise and oversee the activities of the national defence and security forces;
8. To sign treaties and agreements with foreign countries and guide their implementation;
9. To suspend the implementation of or cancel decisions [or] instructions of the ministries, ministry-equivalent organisations, organisations under the government's management, and local administrations if they contradict the laws; [and]
10. To exercise such other rights and perform such other duties as provided by the laws.
The government consists of the Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Minister[s], ministers and chairmen of the ministry-equivalent organisations.
The term of office of the government is the same as the term of office of the National Assembly.
The Prime Minister is appointed or removed by the President of the State after the approval of the National Assembly.
The Prime Minister is the head of the government, and represents the government[; he] leads and manages the work of the government, ministries, ministry-equivalent organisations, departments and other organisations attached to the government; and leads and manages the work of provinces and cities.
The Prime Minister appoints, transfers and removes Vice-Ministers, Vice-chairmen of the ministry-equivalent organisations, heads of department, deputy governors, and deputy mayors of cities, and promotes and demotes colonels in the national defence and security forces and other ranks as provided by the laws.
The Deputy Prime Ministers are the assistants of the Prime Minister and execute the tasks assigned to them by the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister may assign a particular Deputy Prime Minister to carry out work on his behalf in the event that he is [occupied on other matters].
The National Assembly may pass a vote of no confidence in the government or any member of the government if the National Assembly Standing Committee or one-fourth of the total number of National Assembly members raises the issue.
Within twenty-four hours after such vote of no confidence, the President of the State has the right to bring the no confidence question to the National Assembly for reconsideration. Such reconsideration must be held within forty-eight hours from the first consideration. If the new vote of no confidence is passed, the government or the member of the government must resign.
In Lao, the term is ?science, techniques, technology?.